The best way to Use the Chest Press Machine: A Detailed Information to Construct Higher Physique Muscle

This may occasionally come as a shock, however you don’t should barbell bench press. Now, earlier than you write offended letters and launch a protest marketing campaign, hearken to the complete story. Except you’re a powerlifter coaching particularly for competitors, there are many workouts that construct higher physique muscle and energy as successfully because the bench press.

For a lot of, machines provide the right combination of stability, accessibility, consolation, novelty, and coaching stimulus. Certain, some machines have design flaws and issues, however many are an absolute pleasure to make use of. Higher but, machine-based coaching has been proven to stimulate equal muscular diversifications to free weight coaching. (1)

Credit score: Prostock-studio / Shutterstock

The chest press is a staple machine-based train. However there’s extra to the quintessential chest press machine than the data contained on its instruction placard. Study correct setup and method, widespread pitfalls, distinctive advantages, programming methods, and extra.

Chest Press Machine

Chest Press Machine Video Information

See the educational chest press machine video from the article’s writer, Dr. Merrick Lincoln, then take a look at the step-by-step breakdown with extra type ideas. 

The best way to Use the Chest Press Machine

To get essentially the most out of the chest press machine, observe these steps for proper setup and efficient execution.

Step 1 — Set Up Your Machine

Muscular person in gym setting up chest press machine
Credit score: Merrick Lincoln, DPT, CSCS / YouTube

The primary, and arguably most necessary, step is to correctly arrange the machine — it should be adjusted to suit the person. Though machine designs range significantly, most have two changes: Seat top and the fore-aft place of the backrest. 

Adjusting the peak of the seat determines the situation of the handles relative to the person. Decreasing the seat creates a better beginning place for the handles and elevating the seat ends in a decrease beginning place of the handles. The handles ought to be on the stage of your decrease chest, at roughly nipple-height to be anatomically particular.

On most machines, front-and-back adjustment of the backrest determines the “depth” of the beginning place. Transfer the seat ahead to create extra stretch on the backside place or transfer the seat backward to restrict the vary of movement within the backside place.

Your private choice, damage historical past, and particular person anatomy work together to tell your individual acceptable vary of movement. Generally, determine a seat place that maximizes a snug vary of movement.

Kind Tip: Take the time to truly look at the precise machine’s design, significantly the motion arms — the steel levers that you simply push away out of your physique. Motion arms that pivot from above the seat have a tendency to advertise urgent at a barely upward angle relative to your physique, just like a slight incline press. Subsequently, to execute “flat bench” method and elicit balanced chest growth, the handles ought to be barely decrease than regular. On machines with motion arms that pivot from beneath the person, the urgent movement could observe a slight decline. On this model machine, it’s prudent to arrange with handles barely greater than traditional.

Step 2 — Set a Steady Beginning Place

Muscular person in gym performing machine chest press
Credit score: Merrick Lincoln, DPT, CSCS / YouTube

Get your physique right into a steady and powerful place by establishing factors of contact with a slight arch in your backbone. Factors of contact embody: your head towards the headrest, each shoulder blades towards the backrest, your glutes on the seat, each toes on the ground, and each arms absolutely gripped across the handles. 

Arch your center and higher again as you squeeze your shoulder blades collectively with out shrugging upward. Keep this place all through the train. 

Kind Tip: Though many who can not attain the ground when seated on the chest press machine intuitively cross their ankles for stability, this technique shouldn’t be optimum. In case you’re unable to achieve the ground, place your toes on a steady foothold — a step, a brief plyometric field, a weight plate, or the machine’s foot pegs if out there.

Step 3 — Drive the Motion Arms Away

Muscular person in gym doing machine chest press
Credit score: Merrick Lincoln, DPT, CSCS / YouTube

Preserve your forearms and wrists aligned with the pure path of the motion arm and push each handles away. Proceed to push till your elbows are straight or practically straight. 

Kind Tip: Press to your eye-line” is a training cue utilized by Tyler Hobson, one of many nice designers and builders of gymnasium tools. This cue is good, as a result of it exploits the advantages of an exterior focus of consideration. Primarily, your focus shifts to no matter object or environmental landmark is in your line of gaze. This may occasionally end in extra environment friendly, extra forceful motion, and doubtlessly better strength gains. (2)

Step 4 — Decrease With Management

Muscular person in gym using chest press machine
Credit score: Merrick Lincoln, DPT, CSCS / YouTube

Decrease the motion arms again towards the beginning place. Management is crucial. Decrease till you’re feeling a profound stretch throughout your chest muscle tissues or till the motion arms gently contact the machine. Don’t bounce off the machine’s stops on the backside.

Kind Tip: As an alternative of “reducing the burden,” take into consideration “rowing” or actively pulling the motion arms again towards your chest. This system reinforces a powerful place of your shoulder blades.

Chest Press Machine Errors to Keep away from

Sidestep these widespread errors to construct extra muscle with the chest press machine.

Wrist Extension

Many lifters hop on the chest press machine and grip the handles within the middle of their palms with out consideration to their particular hand place. This ends in an prolonged wrist place — bending arms again towards the highest of your forearms.

Person in gym using chest press machine
Credit score: Ajan Alen / Shutterstock

Finally, extreme wrist extension is a comparatively weaker place for urgent and will end in an excessively “tucked” arm path in the course of the press. 

Keep away from it: Make sure the handles lie throughout the heels of your arms. When urgent, purpose your knuckles alongside the trail motion. Considered from the aspect, your forearm and hand ought to type a straight line all through the press.

Sloppy Transition Between Reps

“Ego lifters” and uninitiated trainees typically exploit Newton’s regulation of action-reaction on the backside of every repetition by bouncing the motion arms off the machine to make the next repetition simpler to carry out.

Person in outdoor gym using chest press machine
Credit score: Odua Pictures / Shutterstock

Uncontrolled influence returns vitality into the following repetition, robbing the goal muscle tissues of all-important stress. Exerting management all through the complete repetition is tougher, but additionally extra rewarding.

Keep away from it: Whereas lifters are usually intentional concerning the lockout place on the prime of the press, most can be higher served shifting their consideration to a easy and sluggish transition between repetitions on the backside place. Decelerate as you strategy the underside place. Gently “kiss” the motion arms towards the machine. Pay attention to maintain your self sincere — mild contact with the machine ought to make little or no sound.

Extreme or Inadequate Vary of Movement

Whereas there’s no common “appropriate” vary of movement (ROM) for each lifter on the chest press machine, the ROM you utilize ought to verify just a few key packing containers: ROM ought to be well-tolerated by your shoulders; ROM ought to, if doable, produce a profound stretch throughout your chest and entrance of your shoulders; ROM shouldn’t produce compensatory actions or actions not intrinsic to the train. Urgent with method that fails to fulfill these standards is suboptimal, at greatest.

Long-haired person in gym using chest press machine
Credit score: Floor Image / Shutterstock

The second standards (“large stretch”) is simple. Mounting proof suggests the stretched place of the repetition is a very powerful for beneficial properties. (3) Don’t lower it quick through the use of inadequate ROM.

Lastly, if the ROM is pushed too far, the lifter will start to reveal undesirable compensations together with dropping your chest, permitting your shoulder blades to tilt ahead, and/or flaring your elbows. In case you’re unable to maintain your shoulder blades retracted and keep a constant arm path via the underside place, there’s an excellent likelihood you’re making an attempt to make use of extreme ROM. In all instances, errors might be corrected by re-adjusting the machine.

Keep away from it: Lifters with shoulder accidents or instability may not tolerate as a lot shoulder extension on the backside of the repetition, so really feel it out in your “work up” units and modify the machine accordingly.

The best way to Progress the Chest Press Machine

When it’s time to ramp up your workload, conventional development methods reminiscent of including weight or rising repetitions and units can work effectively with the chest press machine. As well as, machine designs are conducive to superior coaching strategies reminiscent of drop units and lengthened partials.

Improve Relative Effort

An easy development technique for resistance coaching entails rising the stage of effort — or proximity to failure — of every set. This technique could contain including weight and/or including repetitions.

For instance, contemplate a lifter who usually performs a set utilizing 220 kilos (100 kilograms) for 10 repetitions. This set brings the lifter considerably near failure — Subjectively, they could report having three extra reps left within the tank, or “repetitions in reserve.”

To extend relative effort, the lifter could merely add weight or carry out a number of extra repetitions. As a result of an excellent chest press machine has “built-in” security options, the lifter could really feel extra snug pushing their stage effort nearer to and even to failure in comparison with a barbell or dumbbell bench press.

Lengthened Partials

Whereas pristine repetitions via full vary of movement could also be thought of the head of lifting ability, it isn’t the one efficient approach to build muscle and energy. Legendary bodybuilding coach John Meadows generally ended his high-intensity units with partial range of motion reps. And science is starting to acknowledge the potential worth of partials.

A latest systematic evaluation evaluating full ROM coaching and partial ROM coaching reported trivial variations between energy and hypertrophy. (3) Nevertheless, partial vary of movement coaching was discovered to have slight benefit for hypertrophy when emphasizing the lengthened (stretched) place. (3) Lengthened partials seem to reinforce stress and promote muscle hypoxia, that are mechanical- and chemical stimuli conducive to development. (4)(5

The chest press machine affords an amazing alternative to progress your coaching by including lengthened partials to the top of your conventional full vary of movement set.

The goal muscle tissues are lengthened within the backside place of the chest press, so carry out your partials within the backside one-third to two-thirds of the repetition. Partials are nice to tack onto the top of conventional units. Shoot for 3 to 6 lengthened partial repetitions instantly after your full vary of movement repetitions. Be warned: you’re in for a painful burn. By avoiding lockout, you’ll preserve stress in your chest, bathing the muscle in metabolites and ravenous it of oxygen. (5)

Drop Units

In the case of intense coaching on your chest, few workouts can examine to the chest press machine carried out with drop units. Drop units entail taking an train to, or near, failure, lowering the burden, then instantly performing an extra set.

One to 3 “drops” are generally carried out, reworking a difficult set right into a coaching bout that flirts with failure a number of occasions. Drop set protocols with one and three “drops” have been proven to be as efficient for bettering bench press energy as 4 conventional units. (6) Furthermore, the three-drop drop set protocol was superior to conventional units for bettering repetitions to failure (i.e. muscle endurance). (6)

To carry out a three-drop drop set protocol, ideally use a cable stack (“selectorized”) chest press machine to reduce the time wanted to vary the burden. Carry out the primary set to or near failure utilizing a average weight (one which permits roughly 10 to 12 repetitions).

Scale back the burden 20 to 30% and instantly carry out one other set to or near failure. Repeat this means of reducing the burden by 20 to 30% for every drop till you’ve got carried out a complete of 4 units.

Advantages of the Chest Press Machine

Certain, you may press with a barbell or dumbbells, however a well-designed chest press machine affords a number of benefits — enhanced security, a steady motion path, and a easy resistance curve.

Excessive Depth Chest Coaching

Whether or not you prepare with heavy masses and grind via only a handful of reps or use mild masses for marathon units, security is paramount. In case this declare isn’t self-evident, right here’s the rationale: an injured lifter can not prepare, and a lifter who can not prepare loses beneficial properties. 

All types of free-weight urgent, together with the barbell and dumbbell bench press, require a educated spotter for secure execution. Nevertheless, the designs of machines have “self-spotting” mechanisms in-built. Which means, in case you fail on a repetition on a chest press machine, you’re unlikely to get choked out below a bar or displace your enamel with a dumbbell. Constructed-in security options ought to instill confidence, permitting you to push your units ever nearer to failure and maximize beneficial properties.

Consistency For Thoughts-Muscle Connection

The levers and pivot factors of typical chest machines constrain motion to a predictable path. Whereas no two lifters press utilizing the very same method attributable to variations in motion technique, machine setup, and physique dimensions, the constrained motion path promotes consistency for every particular person person.

muscular person in gym performing machine chest press
Credit score: Prostock-studio / Shutterstock

This consistency could assist you to develop a way characterised by intentional and intense contraction of the goal muscle tissues. This aware connection to the goal muscle is called the mind-muscle connection. Growing a powerful mind-muscle connection has been steered as a superior technique for lifters who need to enhance recruitment of a goal muscle. (7

To develop a stronger mind-muscle connection, use lighter “work up units” to consciously discover delicate variations in motion method. For instance, attempt barely tucking or flaring your elbows, attempt holding your sternum a bit greater, or attempt making use of a delicate rotational pressure to the handles. Machines present extra environment friendly and safer environments for cultivating a powerful mind-muscle connection.

Superior Resistance Curve

Resistance coaching workouts are restricted by the quantity of load our muscle tissues can overcome in the course of the sticking level, or essentially the most difficult portion of the motion. The sticking level for the barbell bench press happens towards the start of the upward motion part when the bar is simply above the chest. (8) In the course of the the rest of the motion, your muscle tissues should not maximally challenged.

Whereas the bands or chains could also be used to beat this potential limitation, these modifications require extra tools, could also be cumbersome to arrange, and can seemingly by no means obtain the texture of a well-designed chest press machine. 

A well-designed machine varies the resistance utilized to the lifter all through the vary of movement utilizing levers and/or cams. Whereas meta-analyses have proven no distinction in coaching diversifications between variable resistance and conventional resistance coaching, these analyses embody band- and chain-based variable resistance. (9)(10)

Research particularly evaluating variable resistance machines to free weight variations of the workouts have reported superior diversifications for the variable resistance teams together with elevated muscle torque and elevated resistance to fatigue. (11)(12) Whereas different evidence-based lifters anticipate extra analysis, hedge your bets by incorporating machine-based chest urgent.

Muscle groups Labored by the Chest Press Machine

Try the placards or instruction playing cards on the chest press machines at your native gymnasium. On every anatomy diagram, the complete higher entrance of the torso will probably be highlighted as “goal muscle tissues.” The chest press machine will undoubtedly mild up your chest, as anticipated, together with elements of your shoulders and arms.

Pectoralis Main

Because the title suggests, the chest press machine primarily targets your chest. Your pectoralis main is the most important and most visually outstanding muscle of the chest by a longshot. Typical chest press machines resist an arm path that toes the road between flexion, or elevating your arms immediately in entrance of your physique, and horizontal adduction, or transferring your arms collectively in entrance of your physique.

Your pectoralis main contributes to each actions. (13)(14) Furthermore, the chest press machine seems to stimulate strong muscle exercise in all elements of the broad, fanlike pectoralis main muscle. (15)

Triceps Brachii

Just like the bench press, the chest press machine additionally trains your triceps brachii. Triceps muscle excitation has been proven to be decrease in the course of the chest press machine in comparison with the bench press when each workouts had been carried out at 80% of their respective 1-repetition most. (16) Then again, one other examine confirmed no distinction in triceps brachii muscle excitation when each workouts had been carried out at 60% of 1-repetition most. (17)

Altogether, there’s ongoing debate about whether or not the extra steady situations of the chest press machine are roughly conducive to triceps excitation. (16)(17) The reply could also be depending on particular person variations of particular machine designs (e.g., which machine permits the lifter to deal with extra weight?). Both manner, relaxation assured, your triceps are educated in the course of the chest press.

Anterior Deltoid

The anterior deltoid, typically known as the “entrance delts,” contribute to shoulder flexion and horizontal abduction, the actions mixed in the course of the typical chest press machine. (13)

Utilizing a chest press machine with a impartial grip (palms dealing with one another) reasonably than an overhand (“pronated”) grip has been proven to advertise extra anterior deltoid activation, though the distinction fails to achieve statistical significance, and the sensible relevance of those findings are questionable. (15)(18)

The best way to Program the Chest Press Machine

The chest press machine might be programmed into many several types of training splits — as a predominant train on “chest day,” on “push day” in a push/pull/legs cut up, as considered one of a number of compound lifts throughout a devoted higher physique exercise, or as part of a full-body routine.

As a Heavy Major Train

When structuring exercises to construct muscle or enhance energy, it is not uncommon to frontload the heaviest multi-joint actions towards the start of the exercise. This technique is sensible, as excessive threshold motor models — the teams of muscle fibers with essentially the most energy and best coaching potential — haven’t been fatigued by accumulating quantity.

Whereas a “energy purist” would possibly program the barbell bench press as their main horizontal pushing motion, the chest press machine can work simply as effectively. To make use of the chest press machine as your main heavy pushing train, work as much as a difficult weight for two to 4 units of 5 to 10 repetitions. Take beneficiant three-to-four-minute relaxation intervals between units. This protocol will construct energy and dimension.

As a Reasonable-to-Mild Secondary Train

Not prepared to completely embrace the machines? Preserve a free weight train as your main urgent motion and use the chest press machine as if it had been an adjunct train, or “pump work.” Use moderate-to-light weight and carry out for top repetitions. The chest press machine can take the place of a triceps- or chest isolation train, reminiscent of pushdowns or pec flyes.

We all know a variety of masses are efficient for constructing dimension and energy. (19)(20)(21) — So, don’t stress about percentages or 1-repetition most testing. Utilizing a weight that you simply discover “mild to reasonably heavy,” carry out two or three units. Carry out sufficient repetitions to strategy failure. Take two to 3 minute relaxation between units.

As A part of a Superset or Alternating Set Routine

In case your exercise cut up means that you can pair workouts that hit opposing muscle teams in the identical exercise, it can save you a ton of time. Supersetting is when no relaxation is taken between the paired workouts. If a conventional relaxation interval is taken between the opposing workouts, the programming technique is named “alternating units.”

For a killer chest and back workout, attempt pairing the chest press with a again train like a barbell bent-over row or a neutral-grip lat pulldown. To determine whether or not you’ll use supersets or alternating units, select whether or not you’re optimizing for effectivity or fatigue administration.

Supersets save extra time, however might end in extra fatigue. Though supersets usually keep away from fatigue within the working muscle tissues (“peripheral fatigue”), they could not present sufficient relaxation to keep away from accumulating systemic or central fatigue, which might intrude you’re your subsequent set.

Then again, alternating units present extra total relaxation. They could additionally nonetheless save time relative to conventional straight units, as a result of most lifters won’t require as a lot relaxation to get well between opposing workouts.

Chest Press Machine Variations

In case you’re lucky to coach at a well-equipped gymnasium, the usual chest press machine isn’t your solely possibility. Chances are you’ll need to discover the gymnasium to see when you have entry to those variations.

Converging Chest Press Machine

The arms converge, or come collectively, all through the upward motion part when utilizing a converging chest press machine. You’ll know a chest press is converging by inspecting the pivot factors of the machine’s motion arms. On converging machines, the motion arms are angled inwards whereas, on conventional or non-converging chest press machines, the motion arms are directed straight forward.

The converging chest press facilitates extra vary of movement towards peak contraction, or shortest muscle size of your pectoralis main. Whereas some discover the converging chest press machine feels extra “pure,” machine designs range. Primary method pointers apply to the converging machine. Set an acceptable seat top and seatback place, keep retracted shoulder blades, and press alongside the trail of the motion arms.

Incline Chest Press Machine

Simply because the incline bench press could present better higher chest coaching compared to the flat bench press, the incline chest press machine could bias your higher chest greater than the normal chest press machine. (22)(23)(24)

The first distinction between the incline chest press machine and conventional chest press machine is the motion arm path. On the incline machine, the motion arms journey at an upward angle relative to your torso, whereas the normal chest press machine’s motion arms journey roughly horizontal relative to your torso.

Though train method and setup is comparable between the 2 workouts, the preliminary place of the handles ought to be greater for the incline chest press machine than the normal chest press. Alter the seat top so the handles are halfway between your mid-chest and collarbones. Push alongside the pure path of the motion arms along with your wrists straight. Decrease with management and transition into the following repetition with out bouncing out of the underside place.

Smith Machine Chest Press

Searching for a hybrid train between chest press machine and barbell bench press? Take into account the Smith machine chest press. Like the usual chest press machine, the Smith machine chest press constrains the motion path and certain has some built-in security options, reminiscent of adjustable vary of movement limiters.

The barbell bench press and Smith machine chest press are each carried out from a mendacity place, each use a pronated (overhand) grip on a straight bar, and neither incorporate the variable resistance patterns of lever- or cam-based chest press machines.

Counterbalanced Smith machines negate the burden of the bar, that means the unloaded bar feels nearly weightless. Clearly, you’ll want so as to add barely extra weight to counterbalanced Smith machines than non-counterbalanced.

Smith machines use a hook-like mechanism to soundly un-rack and re-rack the barbell on its tracks. Turn into accustomed to the wrist-motion required to function this mechanism and, in anticipation of this motion, pre-position your wrists barely within the different route earlier than your set.

Lastly, place your self appropriately on the bench. In distinction to bench press, which is ready up with the bar above your neck, you have to to begin with the bar above your mid-chest on the Smith machine because it tracks vertically all through the train.


Can I simply do lengthened partials on the bench press as an alternative of the chest press machine?

Possibly, however the fixed exterior resistance of the barbell won’t be very forgiving in case you try to carry out repeated partial repetitions via the sticking level. You’ll seemingly want to scale back the burden to efficiently carry out lengthened partials with the normal bench press. 
Utilizing a machine with a well-designed resistance curve avoids this problem, because the machine applies much less exterior resistance via the standard sticking level of the press. This enables for using lengthened partials on the finish of a excessive effort set (as demonstrated within the The best way to Progress part). The machine additionally has built-in security options to guard you within the occasion you are taking your lengthened partials previous the purpose of failure.

Which is healthier: plate-loaded or cable-stack loaded chest press machines?

Espresso or pour-over? Single barrel whiskey or aged tequila? Trip to the seashore or to the mountains? These are questions that in the end come down to non-public choice. Whereas every possibility has its strengths and disadvantages, you need to attempt each choices and use the one which feels greatest. 
Stack-loaded machines are fast and straightforward to make use of they usually’re nice for superior coaching strategies, reminiscent of drop units. They are often exquisitely engineered with easy and smart resistance curves. Nevertheless, sturdy lifters could also be restricted by the utmost resistance provided by the burden stack.
Plate-loaded machines could require hauling plates throughout the gymnasium and may not permit the exact manipulation of the resistance curve provided by cable machines with variable resistance cams. Nevertheless, plate-loaded machines with high-quality bearings virtually at all times have a greater really feel than cable- or belt-driven stack-loaded machines as a result of they’ve much less friction or resistance to motion.
Friction resistance is not an excellent factor in machines. It makes the concentric part more durable and makes the eccentric part simpler, a sample misaligned along with your muscle tissues’ capacities. 

What’s the cope with the ‘iso-lateral’ chest press machines?

Iso-lateral chest machines permit separate operation of the motion arms, permitting you to coach your left and proper sides independently virtually like a “machine-version of dumbbells.”
When equally loaded, the iso-lateral design theoretically prevents a lifter’s “sturdy aspect” from taking the lion’s share of the press. Iso-lateral machines additionally permit the lifter to load a distinct quantity of weight on the left and proper aspect. This characteristic could also be helpful in particular circumstances associated to damage and rehabilitation. 
A latest, significantly bothersome, development is using alternating repetitions on iso-lateral chest machines. The lifter locks out one arm whereas performing a repetition with the opposite arm and see-saws forwards and backwards all through the set.
Whereas this alternating technique could also be helpful if a lengthened isometric had been held within the backside place whereas the opposite arm performs a repetition, it’s a waste of time to relaxation one arm within the locked out place. Generally, iso-lateral machines are greatest used utilizing the identical method as a machine chest press with a non-independent motion arm.

Chest Terminator — Rise of the Machine Press

A well-designed chest press machine could really feel prefer it has been despatched from the long run to enhance your beneficial properties and shield you from hurt. In case you settle for the assistance of the machine and apply the programming suggestions above, it would quickly be Judgement Day on your lagging chest. 


  1. Hernández‐Belmonte, A., et al. (2023). Diversifications in athletic efficiency and muscle structure should not meaningfully conditioned by coaching free‐weight versus machine‐primarily based workouts: Difficult a conventional assumption utilizing the speed‐primarily based technique. Scandinavian Journal of Medication & Science in Sports activities. Advance on-line publication. DOI: 10.1111/sms.14433.
  2. Grgic, J., Mikulic, I., & Mikulic, P. (2021). Acute and long-term results of attentional focus methods on muscular energy: A meta-analysis. Sports activities9(11), 153.
  3. Wolf, M., et al. (2023). Partial vs full vary of movement resistance coaching: A scientific evaluation and meta-analysis. Worldwide Journal of Power and Conditioning3(1).
  4. Wackerhage, H., et al. (2019). Stimuli and sensors that provoke skeletal muscle hypertrophy following resistance train. Journal of Utilized Physiology, 126, 30-43.
  5. Goto, M., Maeda, C., et al. (2019). Partial vary of movement train is efficient for facilitating muscle hypertrophy and performance via sustained intramuscular hypoxia in younger educated males. The Journal of Power & Conditioning Analysis33(5), 1286-1294.
  6. Fasihiyan, M., et al. (2023). The results of a single or multi-step drop-set coaching in comparison with conventional resistance coaching on muscle efficiency and physique composition. Scientific Journal of Sport and Efficiency2(3), 410-422.
  7. Schoenfeld, B. J., & Contreras, B. (2016). Attentional focus for maximizing muscle growth: The mind-muscle connection. Power & Conditioning Journal38(1), 27-29.
  8. Kompf, J., & Arandjelović, O. (2017). The sticking level within the bench press, the squat, and the deadlift: Similarities and variations, and their significance for analysis and observe. Sports activities Medication47, 631-640.
  9. Andersen, V., et al. (2022). Evaluating the results of variable and conventional resistance coaching on maximal energy and muscle energy in wholesome adults: A scientific evaluation and meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medication in Sport.
  10. Dos Santos, W. D. N., et al. (2018). Results of variable resistance coaching on maximal energy: a meta-analysis. The Journal of Power & Conditioning Analysis32(11), e52-e55.
  11. Staniszewski, M., Mastalerz, A., & Urbanik, C. (2020). Impact of a energy or hypertrophy coaching protocol, every carried out utilizing two totally different modes of resistance, on biomechanical, biochemical and anthropometric parameters. Biology of Sport37(1), 85-91.
  12. Walker, S., Hulmi, J. J., Wernbom, M., Nyman, Ok., Kraemer, W. J., Ahtiainen, J. P., & Häkkinen, Ok. (2013). Variable resistance coaching promotes better fatigue resistance however not hypertrophy versus fixed resistance coaching. European Journal of Utilized Physiology113, 2233-2244.
  13. Ackland, D. C., et al. (2008). Second arms of the muscle tissues crossing the anatomical shoulder. Journal of Anatomy213(4), 383-390.
  14. Ackland, D. C., & Pandy, M. G. (2011). Second arms of the shoulder muscle tissues throughout axial rotation. Journal of Orthopaedic Analysis, 29(5), 658-667.
  15. Muyor, J. M., Rodríguez-Ridao, D., & Oliva-Lozano, J. M. (2023). Comparability of muscle exercise between the horizontal bench press and the seated chest press workouts utilizing a number of grips. Journal of Human Kinetics87, 23.
  16. Coratella, G., et al. (2020). Particular prime movers’ excitation throughout free-weight bench press variations and chest press machine in aggressive bodybuilders. European Journal of Sport Science20(5), 571-579.
  17. Saeterbakken, A. H., van den Tillaar, R., & Fimland, M. S. (2011). A comparability of muscle exercise and 1-RM energy of three chest-press workouts with totally different stability necessities. Journal of sports activities sciences29(5), 533-538.
  18. Vigotsky, A. D., et al. (2018). Decoding sign amplitudes in floor electromyography research in sport and rehabilitation sciences. Frontiers in physiology, 985.
  19. Schoenfeld, B., et al. (2021). Resistance coaching suggestions to maximise muscle hypertrophy in an athletic inhabitants: Place stand of the IUSCA. Worldwide Journal of Power and Conditioning1(1), 1-30.
  20. Lasevicius, T., et al. (2018). Results of various intensities of resistance coaching with equated quantity load on muscle energy and hypertrophy. European Journal of Sport Science18(6), 772-780
  21. Weakley, J., et al. (2023). Physiological Responses and Diversifications to Decrease Load Resistance Coaching: Implications for Well being and Efficiency. Sports activities Medication-Open9(1), 1-10.
  22. dos Santos Albarello, et al. (2022). Non-uniform excitation of pectoralis main induced by adjustments in bench press inclination results in uneven variations within the cross-sectional space measured by panoramic ultrasonography. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology67, 102722
  23. Chaves, S. F., et al. (2020). Results of horizontal and incline bench press on neuromuscular diversifications in untrained younger males. Worldwide Journal of Train Science13(6), 859.
  24. Cabral, H. V., et al. (2022). Non‐uniform excitation of the pectoralis main muscle throughout flat and inclined bench press workouts. Scandinavian Journal of Medication & Science in Sports activities32(2), 381-390.

Featured Picture: Prostock-studio / Shutterstock

Trending Merchandise

Add to compare
Amazon Basics Flat Weight Workout Exercise Bench, Black

Amazon Basics Flat Weight Workout Exercise Bench, Black


We will be happy to hear your thoughts

Leave a reply

Register New Account
Compare items
  • Total (0)
Shopping cart